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August 1, 2017

Details on Financial and Securities Regulation

The financial and securities regulatory agencies are government functional bodies that provide oversight on financial markets as well as companies. These agencies play different roles and they also have different responsibilities. Notably, they work independently despite some having similar objectives. There is criticism on the efficiency of the agencies, but their existence is indefinite. The following text contains several functions of the agencies.

Stimulating the Economy
The stimulation of the economy through influencing overall credit conditions, liquidity and money is the function of some financial and security agencies. These agencies apply tools that control the sale and purchase of treasury securities and agency securities. There is a regulation of interest rates and supervision of the banking system by the agencies as they bring the financial system’s stability.

Insuring Deposits
There are agencies that provide protection on bank deposits that individuals and entities make in any bank. The insurance prevents a depositor from losing money when an eventuality takes place. There is usually a cap on a number of deposits that the insurance covers per person or entity.

Currency Control
It is necessary to ensure that there is competition between banks. It means that provision of charters to banks should be overseen by a regulatory body. The maintenance of a sound banking system is the main objective of such an agency, and it achieves it through provision, regulation and supervision of bank charters. In addition, the agencies facilitate the efficiency of services of finance and banking.

Watching Over the public sale of Securities
Some agencies ensure that members of the public trade in securities efficiently. These agencies act as a bridge between customers and brokers. The agency has major roles that include training, licensing and testing of financial experts. In addition, they act as mediators and arbitrators when customers and brokers have disagreements.

Controlling Insurance
The operations of the insurance industry are monitored, reviewed and overseen by the agencies. There is monitoring, reviewing and overseeing the operations of the insurance industry by the agencies. Their main objective is to offer consumer protection, carry out criminal investigations, and enforce legal actions, among other activities that bring sanity in the insurance industry. Notably, these agencies act when representing the state.

Enforce Securities Law
The agencies that enforce the securities laws act independently from governments. They are more powerful and comprehensive than other agencies. Some of the elements that they cover include stocks and options exchanges, options markets, and securities and exchanges that use electronic mediums.

Even though people do not deal directly with financial and securities agencies, they usually feel the impact of the regulations indirectly. Some of the areas that make the impact to be felt most include liquidity, credit markets and interest rates application. It translates into an indirect effect on a common person by the agencies.
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