Every building needs some type of roof to make it complete. Without a roof, a structure will have a wide open top space that will allow the elements to come inside of a structure. Open roof spaces will also compromise people in terms of security. There are different types of materials that can be used for roofing. The following information will explain the most common types for residential homes and commercial businesses.
Two Basic Styles for Roofs
There are two basic types of roofs that are used to cover the top of a structure. One type is known as steep-sloped roofs. The other kind is called low sloped or flat roof design. Steep-sloped roof materials are commonly used for houses. Flat roofs usually cover commercial structures. Steep-slope materials are used to slowly drain water without developing leaks. Commercial materials are usually rolled membranes or sheets that are laid flat on a rooftop. All roof designs are based of one of these two basic styles.
Options for Residential Roofs
HGTV states that there are many options for residential roofs. Asphalt is the most popular type of material that is used for roofs within the United States. Millions of homes have roof tops that are covered with asphalt. The material does not cost a lot of money and it is sold in many different colors. Metal roofs are also popular but not as in-demand as asphalt. Metal roofs are durable, they can hold up to the weather and they last longer than asphalt and wood materials.
Slate roofs are durable, and it withstands fire very well. Slates are also sustainable. Wikipedia points out that wood roof materials are the second most popular type of covering for homes in the U.S. Wood roof materials are primarily purchased for aesthetic purposes. Synthetic roofs are generally made from substances such as rubber, plastic or polymers. They are lighter than the other types of roof materials. Finally, there are clay and concrete shingles. These shingles do not catch fire, they are long lasting, and they are very efficient in terms of insulating a home.
Commercial Roof Types
Commercial roofs are primarily sold in 4 different forms. First up is EPDM. This type of commercial roof material can be found on many buildings. EPDM stands for ethylene propylene diene terpolymer which means it is a strong and durable rubber material. Thermoplastic commercial roof coverings provide great protection against foreign substances in the air and against the hazardous effects of the sun. They are also extremely fire resistant.
A modified roof provides a layered covering that consist of two or more stacks. Built up roof designs also use a layered process. Green roofs absorb heat and it provides insulation. Photovoltaic or solar panel roofs are designed to turn UV light into electricity. They are often combined with other commercial roof types.
Gravel and tar roofs are also used for commercial applications. Liquid roofs act as a coating for rooftops. They are usually applied in the form of high-tech polymer. These different roof materials for homes and businesses are usually applied by professional roofing contractors and technicians.